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Q: Liver disease refers to any abnormal process that affects the liver. True or False?

Ans. - True:
Liver disease is any abnormal process that affects the liver. The more severe the liver disease, the greater the effect on liver function. With the loss of 75% of the liver's function the liver cannot keep up with its required functions and it begins to fail.

Q: What is a main symptom of liver disease?

Ans. - Jaundice:
Jaundice is a sign of liver, gallbladder, and certain blood disorders. Bilirubin, normally removed from the blood by the liver and excreted in bile and stool, increases in the blood. The skin and the eyes become yellow due to the buildup of bilirubin in the skin and in the "whites" of the eyes (sclera). The urine becomes dark from the excretion of bilirubin in the urine, and the stool becomes clay-colored due to the absence of bilirubin.

Q: Besides excessive alcohol intake, what other substances can cause liver disease?

Ans. - Acetaminophen, mushrooms and statins.
Acetaminophen (such as Tylenol®) in excess can cause liver failure that often is permanent and results in death. Numerous antibiotics and statins (cholesterol-controlling medications) may cause liver inflammation and failure. Excessive amounts of vitamin A can cause hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver failure. Additionally, many mushrooms are poisonous to the liver, and eating unidentified mushrooms gathered in the woods can be lethal due to liver failure.

Q: Is hepatitis a form of liver disease?

Ans. - Yes.
The term hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver," and liver cells can become inflamed for many reasons, including alcohol, drugs, toxins, and infections. Recall from question 1: Liver disease is any abnormal process that affects the liver.

Q: What is the name of late-stage chronic liver disease?

Ans. - Cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis is a late-stage liver disease. Diseases that lead to cirrhosis injure and kill liver cells. Inflammation and repair associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. Progressive scarring leads to cirrhosis.